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The Alpine is one of the Swiss breeds, and is acceptable in any colour pattern, although bucks with solid white or standard Toggenburg colour and markings are faulted. Ears are upright, the bridge of the nose is straight or slightly dished.

Colour patterns in the Alpine are often referred to by French names: the illustration shows a cou clair (light-coloured neck) broken with a wide white belt. Other colour patterns are cou blanc (white neck, black rear quarters), sundgau (black with white facial stripes, white below knees and hocks, white on either side of the tail), and chamoisée (any shade or mixture of brown, often with a black stripe along the back and white markings on the face) or two-tone chamoisée (usually a lighter brown on the forequarters). A “broken” pattern has large white areas obscuring the basic colours.